NLE GRID (Natural Language Engineering on a Computational Grid)


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Computational GRIDs enable the sharing and aggregation of geographically distributed resources for solving large-scale and data intensive problems. In this project we propose the implementation of a software architecture for building component-based applications targeted for the computational processing of the portuguese language that can be executed in a computational GRID.

The first task of the project is the definition of an architectural model for building GRID-enabled component-based natural language engineering applications. The idea is to create a flexible application design environment, allowing disparate components to be combined to suit the overall application functionality.

Managing multi-component architectures is a challenging task and their complexity can be a serious hurdle when trying to bring together heterogeneous components. This problem occurs at various levels: from file-format handling or network-level communication to interaction between modules in a large application. The adopted model will be based on the work developed for the Galinha system (Matos, 2003) and on the architecture proposed by Hughes and Bird (2003).

The second task is the encapsulation of the re-usable components to comply with the requirements of the model defined in the previous task. Language engineering applications are constructed out of several processing components each responsible for a specialized task. Typical components include a phone segmenter, tagging, lexicon access, parsing, etc. These components are usually highly parameterized and some of them have to be trained on very large datasets. Discovering optimal parameterizations is both data and computationally intensive. In this task a set of pre-existing components will be adapted to the proposed framework.

The third task deals with the description and design of a multi-component application. Having a set of wrapped components we need to combine them to create a range of multi-component applications which can be executed over the distributed GRID infrastructure. A portal based approach will be used for application assembly.

The fourth task is the development of the interface to GRID services. We will adopt the approach provided by Globus (Globus Project, 2003). The Globus model identifies a distributed set of resources (the GRID) that the applications can use. We will also use a resource broker to manage the GRID interaction. The resource broker is responsible for the matchmaking between job requests and the distributed resources provided through the gatekeepers.

The final task is the evaluation of the proposed solution. A set of component-based applications will be selected to be used in experiments to evaluate the performance of the resulting system.


The main objective of this project is to create a framework for high performance NLE computing on a computational GRID by extending the structure of the Galinha system (Matos, 2003).

The Galinha system was developed by the Spoken Language Laboratory (L²F) of INESC-ID in an effort to simplify the creation of NLE applications: an application is built through a web interface by creating a service chain from a pool of re-usable components. The current version includes components for morphological analysis, part-of-speech disambiguation and syntatic analysis, etc. In this project we plan to also include modules for speech processing tasks.

In this project we will extend the Galinha architecture to include an interface to GRID services so that the components and data can be geographically and organizationally distributed. This requires a set of standard middleware protocols like the ones provided by the Globus toolkit to handle security, information discovery, resource and data management.


International Conferences

  • Ricardo Daniel Ribeiro, David Martins de Matos, Extractive Summarization of Broadcast News: Comparing Strategies for European Portuguese, In Text, Speech and Dialogue, 10th International Conference, TSD 2007, Springer, vol. 4629, pages 115-122, September 2007
  • Fernando Batista, Nuno J. Mamede, Diamantino António Caseiro, Isabel Trancoso, A Lightweight on-the-fly Capitalization System for Automatic Speech Recognition , In Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, vol. 1, September 2007

National Conferences

  • Ivo Anjo, David Martins de Matos, XMLaligner: Exploração de Corpora Paralelos, In XATA2007 — XML: Aplicações e Tecnologias Associadas, FCUL, February 2007
  • Bruno Oliveira, Carlos Pona, David Martins de Matos, Ricardo Daniel Ribeiro, Utilização de XML para Desenvolvimento Rápido de Analisadores Morfológicos Flexíveis, In XATA2006 - XML: Aplicações e Tecnologias Associadas, Universidade do Minho, February 2006

Technical Reports

  • David Martins de Matos, Tiago Luís, Ricardo Daniel Ribeiro, Natural Language Engineering on a Computational Grid (NLE-GRID) T1 - Architectural Model, January 2008
  • David Martins de Matos, Ricardo Daniel Ribeiro, Sérgio Paulo, Fernando Batista, Luísa Coheur, Joana Paulo Pardal, Natural Language Engineering on a Computational Grid (NLE-GRID) T2 - Encapsulation of Reusable Components, January 2008
  • David Martins de Matos, Ricardo Daniel Ribeiro, Natural Language Engineering on a Computational Grid (NLE-GRID) T2h - Encapsulation of Reusable Components: Lexicon Repository and Server, January 2008
  • Luis Marujo, Wang Lin, David Martins de Matos, Natural Language Engineering on a Computational Grid (NLE-GRID) T3 - Multi-Component Application Builder, January 2008
  • Tiago Luís, David Martins de Matos, Sérgio Paulo, Ricardo Daniel Ribeiro, Natural Language Engineering on a Computational Grid (NLE-GRID) T5 - Performance Experiments, January 2008
  • Ricardo Daniel Ribeiro, David Martins de Matos, Bruno Oliveira, Carlos Pona, Luísa Coheur, Creating and Maintaining Multi-purpose Lexical Knowledge, July 2006


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  • Rajkumar Buyya, David Abramson and Jonathan Giddy. NimrodG Resource Broker for Service Oriented Grid Computing. IEEE Distributed Systems Online, Vol. 2, N. 7, November 2001.
  • Ian Foster, Carl Kesselman, J Nick, Steven Tuecke. The Physiology of the Grid - An Open Grid Services Architecture for Distributed Systems Integration. Global Grid Forum, June 22, 2002.
  • Ian Foster, Carl Kesselman, Steven Tuecke. The anatomy of the grid: Enabling scalable virtual organisations. International Journal of Supercomputer Applications, 15(3), 2001
  • Globus Project. The Globus Project. University of Chicago
  • David Graff. English Gigaword. Linguistic Data Consortium, 2002
  • Baden Hughes and Steven Bird. A Grid Based Architecture for High-Performance NLP. Natural Language Engineering, 2003.
  • Ricardo Ribeiro, David M. de Matos, and Nuno Mamede. How to integrate data from different sources. Proc. of the INTERA Workshop "A Registry of Linguistic Data Categories within an Integrated Language Resources Repository Area". ELRA. May 2004.
  • F. Batista and Nuno Mamede. Flexible Module for Shallow Parsing, Using Preferences. TASHA'2003 - Workshop on Tagging and Shallow Processing of Portuguese, Oct. 2003.
  • Ricardo Ribeiro and Nuno Mamede and Isabel Trancoso. Reusing Linguistic Resources: a Case Study in Morphosyntactic Tagging. TASHA'2003 - Workshop on Tagging and Shallow Processing of Portuguese, Oct. 2003.
  • R. Ribeiro, L. Oliveira, I. Trancoso. Using Morphossyntactic Information in TTS Systems: Comparing Strategies for European Portuguese. Proc. PROPOR'2003 Faro, Portugal, June 2003
  • S. Paulo, L. Oliveira. Multilevel Annotation Of Speech Signals Using Weighted Finite State Transducers. Proc. 2002 IEEE Workshop on Speech Synthesis Santa Monica, California, September 2002
  • D. M. de Matos, A. Mateus, J. Graca, and N. J. Mamede. Empowering the User: a Data-oriented Application-Building Framework. In Adj. Proc. of the 7th ERCIM Workshop "User Interfaces for All", pages 37-44, Chantilly, France, October 2002.
  • M. C. Viana and Luis C. Oliveira and A. I. Mata. Prosodic Phrasing: Machine and Human Evaluation International Journal of Speech Technology, 6(1), pp. 83-94, Jan. 2003, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  • David M. de Matos, Ricardo Ribeiro, and Nuno Mamede. Rethinking Reusable Resources. Proc. of the International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, LREC'2004, ELRA. May 2004.
  • Sergio Manuel Gaspar Ferreira Paulo and Luis C. Oliveira. DTW-based Phonetic Alignment Using Multiple Acoustic Features EUROSPEECH'2003 - 8th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology, Sep. 2003
  • David Matos and Joana Paulo and Nuno Mamede. Managing Linguistic Resources and Tools. Proc. of the 6th Intl. Workshop, PROPOR 2003, Jun. 2003 , pp. 135--142 , Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg.